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The Seeding & Maintenance Of Zoysia Grass

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When to Plant Zoysia Seed

The best time to plant is in mid-spring after the last frosts are expected and when soil temperatures are up to 70 degrees F (22 C). Seeding is safe in late spring and summer up to 60 days before expected frost in the lower South and 90 days before frost farther North.

Zenith Zoysia on A Golf Course

How to Plant & Care For Zoysia Grass Seed

PREPARE A SEED BED FOR ZOYSIA SEED

Prepare a level, loose seedbed free of sticks and stones. Lime as needed to produce a pH of 5.8 to 6.5 (add 50 lbs. Dolomite limestone per 1,000 square feet if pH is not known). Apply 10 to 15 lbs. 10-10-10 or similar analysis fertilizer per 1,000 square feet. All grasses perform better where lime and fertilizer is tilled deeply into the soil.

READ MORE ON How to Plant Zoysia Seeds.

READ How to Convert An Existing Lawn To Zoysia Grass for cool and warm season lawns. Additional information about converting cool season lawns to zoysia grass.

DO NOT USE ANY TYPE PRE-EMERGE WEED CONTROL FOR AT LEAST 90 DAYS BEFORE SEEDING. ROUNDUP SPRAYED TO KILL EXISTING VEGETATION DURING SEEDBED PREPARATION IS SAFE.
Check out Our Prices on Zoysia Grass Seed Here - Quality Seed

Broadcast Zoysia Seeds

Broadcast the seed uniformly at a rate of one to three pounds per 1,000 square feet (45 to 100 lbs. per acre). Rake lightly to mix the seed into the top one-quarter inch of soil (adequate light speeds Zoysia seed germination; therefore the seed do not want much soil cover). Roll if a roller is available.

SEED USE NOTICE: Please note that we ONLY recommend Zoysia seeds for use in bare soil areas. Planting seeds into existing grasses has a HIGH FAILURE rate. If planting into an existing lawn (grass and/or weeds) we recommend that you consider using Zoysia Zoysia Grass Plugs instead of seeds. - Zoysia seeds will have difficulty germinating in low light / shady areas. Use plugs in these areas for best results.

ALWAYS PLANT ZOYSIA SEEDS SHALLOW

Zoysia seeds only need 1/8 to 1/4 inch soil coverage. The seeds must have light to germinate properly and only shallow planting will allow this to occur..

WATERING YOUR ZOYSIA SEEDS

Water up to four times daily to keep the surface CONSTANTLY MOIST. Many weed seeds germinate quicker with less water than Zoysia, so the idea is to get the Zoysia up and growing along with quicker germinating, faster growing weeds that would otherwise suppress it.

CARING FOR ZOYSIA GRASS AS IT MATURES

Zenith Zoysia Grass is a lifetime lawn. Like all zoysia grasses, it is much slower to mature a turf than are ryegrasses, fescues, bluegrasses and bermuda grasses. Once a good stand of seedlings is up, reduce watering to once daily or less as needed to keep good moisture in the top three inches of soil. About four weeks after seeding apply a high nitrogen fertilizer every two weeks until it is evident that a good turf will soon mature. Cease fertilization 60 days before freezing temperatures are expected.

Begin mowing at a two inch cut-height when there is anything to mow, including weeds. Mowing, plus the dense growth habit of Zenith, will destroy many weeds. 2,4-D type herbicides are safe when used according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Weeding Zoysia Grass

When the Zoysia is completely dormant an application of Roundup will kill existing winter weeds and a late winter or very early spring pre-emergent herbicide application can provide a weed-free lawn.

Mowing And Fertilizing

Zenith looks best when regularly cut with SHARP mower blades (reel or rotary) at a height of 1 1/2 inches in full sun, or two to 2 1/2 inches under light to moderate shade. Once established, Zenith will produce good ground cover up to six inches tall with little or no mowing. Never reduce cut-height radically--never remove more than one-third of the foliage at one mowing!

Once a turf is matured Zenith needs a light application of moderate nitrogen fertilizer each summer, or only every other summer on better soils. It can maintain good density and color and need cutting only every 10 to 14 days at low fertility levels. Higher fertilizer levels produce deeper color, but more growth means more frequent mowing.

Clippings need to be removed only when unsightly or very heavy.

Disease and Insects In Zoysia Grass

Zenith has good resistance to most diseases. Some rust may be expected in cool spring weather and other leaf diseases may show up in hot, humid weather, but the grass will usually overcome same if water and fertility levels are minimized. Soil insects such as grubs and mole crickets limit the desirability of zoysia grasses in Florida and the Coastal Plain of the Southeast (they plague other grasses also) and bill bugs can be a problem anywhere. Consult a local lawn expert or the County Extension Service for control advice.

ZENITH ZOYSIA MOWING HEIGHT EVALUATION

 EVALUATION STUDY: One of many observation and comparative evaluation studies on Zenith Zoysia. The above plot, in its third year under light shade on a low fertility sandy loam soil has determined that:

(1) while any cut height from one inch to 2 1/2 inches is satisfactory, Zenith when cut with a rotary mower looks best more months of the year if the mower is set at 1 1/2 inches; (b) that while once a week cutting produces the best turf, Zenith can go without mowing up to 14 days during the peak of the growing season; (c) that when compared to Meyer Zoysia Zenith is easier to mow, stays green later in the fall and greens up earlier, is equal or superior in leaf disease resistance and only slightly less attractive when Meyer is at its absolute best; and (d) that Zenith will thrive when fertilized only every other year during the summer.

Information provided courtesy of Patten Seed.

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